In 2006, scientists Andrew Fire and Craig Mello were jointly awarded The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for their groundbreaking discovery of RNA interference (RNAi), an elegant biological process whereby small double-stranded RNA molecules can silence genes in a sequence-specific manner.

Knowledge about CRISPR/Cas9 has exploded in the 25 years following its discovery in 1993, to the point where it is now seen as a game-changer in gene editing therapy, by allowing the targeted inactivation of disease-causing genes and the correction of genetic mutations. CRISPR/Cas9's great potential comes from its proven ability to alter DNA by...

Today is the first World Microbiome Day, a day aimed to highlight the vibrant and diverse worlds of microbiomes, and to stimulate public engagement and debate about their importance to human, animal and environmental health.